Sat.Jan 06, 2024 - Fri.Jan 12, 2024

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Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Revolutionising Diagnosis and Treatment

Open Medscience

AI is reshaping healthcare with improved diagnostics, personalised treatment, and ethical challenges. The post Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Revolutionising Diagnosis and Treatment appeared first on Open Medscience.

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2023 Word of the Year

Ben White

The American Dialect Society chose their 2023 word of the year : enshittificati o n. From its coiner, Cory Doctorow : Here is how platforms die: first, they are good to their users; then they abuse their users to make things better for their business customers; finally, they abuse those business customers to claw back all the value for themselves. Then, they die.

IT 276
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Study Finds Four Out of Seven AI Algorithms Offer Better Lung Nodule Detection on X-Rays than Radiologists

Diagnostic Imaging

In part of an ongoing multicenter study evaluating commercial artificial intelligence (AI) products in radiology, AI lung nodule detection software from four out of seven vendors demonstrated stand-alone AUCs ranging from 5 to 12 percent higher than the mean AUC of 17 reviewing radiologists.

X-ray 131
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AI shows promise as first reader in breast cancer screening

AuntMinnie

A commercial AI system achieved high marks as a first reader in double-reader settings for breast cancer screening, a Danish study published December 20 in Cancer Imaging found. Researchers led by Mohammad Elhakim, MD, from Odense University Hospital found that a standalone AI system achieved high specificity as a first reader and for combined reading, along with moderate sensitivity for both reading scenarios.

Mammogram 127
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Maximize Your Radiology Center’s Performance With Specialized Scheduling

Patient-centric scheduling can only be achieved through optimized radiology workflows, effective communications between staff and physicians, and, of course, through specialized schedulers. In this guide, we’ll take you through a step-by-step process to transform your radiology center into a high-performance hub of medical imaging.

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Celebrating 20 Years of Innovation: UCSF’s Center for Molecular and Functional Imaging

UCSF Biomedical Imaging

In 2003, the Center for Molecular and Functional Imaging (CMFI) at China Basin Landing opened its doors with San Francisco’s first 3T MRI and two 1.5T clinical scanners, followed a few years later by a cyclotron which launched our in-house radiopharmaceutical program. Since then, the CMFI has been at the forefront of 3T research and major advances in theranostics and precision medicine.

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Patent Battle Brewing Between Novartis, Lantheus Over Generic Lutathera Radioligand Therapy

Diagnostic Imaging

The FDA has accepted Lantheus' abbreviated new drug application for a generic Lutathera, just months after Novartis announced positive phase 3 data supporting a first-line indication for the radiopharmaceutical in neuroendocrine tumors.

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Workplace violence ‘extremely high’ in radiologic sciences

AuntMinnie

More than 60% of diagnostic radiology and radiation therapy staff experience workplace violence, according to a study published January 9 in Radiography. Risk factors for workplace violence include intoxicated patients, staff stress, long patient waiting times, overcrowded environments, and inadequate staff and security measures, wrote lead author Krushi Shah, of Curtin University in Perth, Australia.

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Theranostics Bridging Diagnostics and Therapy for Targeted Treatment

Open Medscience

Theranostics merges diagnostics and therapy, revolutionising personalised medicine with genetic profiling and targeted treatment strategies. The post Theranostics Bridging Diagnostics and Therapy for Targeted Treatment appeared first on Open Medscience.

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Using the Zelotes C18 for Radiology

Ben White

The Zelotes C18 (aka TRELC Gaming Mouse with 5D Rocker aka ZLOT Vertical Mouse) is a solid very inexpensive productivity and ergonomics upgrade. If you’ve never used a mouse other than whatever’s plugged into the computer already, this currently sells for just $29. It’s probably the best way to trial a vertical mouse for radiology without breaking the bank.

PACS 146
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Head CT for Acute Stroke Patients: Study Shows 22 Percent Improvement for 30-Minute Turnaround Times

Diagnostic Imaging

Modifications to the radiology workflow, including the use of a structured report template, improved adherence for 30-minute turnaround times for acute stroke head CT results from 73.2 percent to 95.6 percent, accordingly to new research.

Radiology 123
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Vacation days taken and working during vacation tied to burnout

AuntMinnie

The number of vacation days taken by physicians -- and working on patient-related tasks while on vacation -- are tied to physician burnout, a study published January 12 in JAMA Network Open found. Researchers led by Christine Sinsky, MD, from the American Medical Association in Chicago reported that overall, nearly 60% of U.S. physicians took three weeks of vacation or less per year, while seven in 10 physicians worked while on vacation, with both findings associated with higher rates of burnout

Radiation 122
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A beating biorobotic heart aims to better simulate valves

ScienceDaily

Combining a biological heart and a silicone robotic pump, researchers created a biorobotic heart that beats like a real one, with a focus on a valve on the left side of the heart. The heart valve simulator can mimic the structure, function, and motion of a healthy or diseased heart, allowing surgeons and researchers to demonstrate various interventions while collecting real-time data.

Disease 115
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From Haldol to Now

Ben White

Long but good read: “ The pharma industry from Paul Janssen to today: why drugs got harder to develop and what we can do about it ” by Alex Telford. The post From Haldol to Now first appeared on Ben White.

IT 130
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Artificial Intelligence in Oncology Market to Hit $9.16 Billion by 2031, Per New Report

Imaging Technology

Artificial intelligence in oncology uses deep learning algorithms to analyze medical images and genomic data to detect cancer at an early stage, predict patient outcomes, and personalize treatment plans. It helps radiologists in diagnosing cancer accurately by analyzing medical images.

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Point-of-care decision support reduces unnecessary CT, MRI imaging

AuntMinnie

A point-of-care, web-based clinical decision support tool shows promise for not only reducing the incidence of inappropriate CT or MR imaging but also patients' radiation exposure and even carbon emissions caused by unnecessary exams, researchers have found. "[Our study found that] implementation of the point-of-care clinical decision support tool reduced the number of patients who simultaneously had a CT and MRI ordered for the same clinical indication compared to a standalone web-based clinica

MRI 122
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mRNA technology could be possible treatment for rare diseases

ScienceDaily

By exploiting the technology used in Covid-19 vaccines, a team of scientists has created an effective therapy for a rare disease, in a study in mice, demonstrating the technology's potential therapeutic use in people.

Disease 113
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FDA Grants De Novo Clearance for Ultrasound-Based Liver Tumor Ablation Software

Diagnostic Imaging

The BioTraceIO software reportedly facilitates visualization of liver tumor ablation procedures based on real-time ultrasound imaging and provides superior post-op estimates of ablation zone volume in comparison to computed tomography.

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Using spectroscopy to measure visual recognition

Medical Xpress: Radiology

The brain is not only the most complex organ of the human body, but also one of the most difficult to study. To understand the roles of different regions of the human brain and how they interact, it is crucial to measure neuronal activity with subjects who are awake while they perform controlled tasks. However, the most accurate measurement devices are invasive, which greatly limits their use on healthy humans in real-life settings.

IT 110
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High body fat raises fracture risk in women treated for breast cancer

AuntMinnie

Women with high body fat undergoing early breast cancer treatment may be at higher risk for vertebral fractures, despite the use of bone health drugs, according to a study published January 10 in JAMA Network Open. In a study of patients who received aromatase inhibitors and denosumab over four years, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans showed that high baseline fat body mass was independently associated with vertebral fractures after 18 months, wrote lead author Deborah Cosentini, MD,

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Could enticing retired radiologists back into practice help solve the workforce crisis?

Radiology Business

Employing a "silver squad" of former physicians to decompress work lists should be a "strong consideration" for any practice, one expert argued.

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New AI tool accurately detects COVID-19 from chest X-rays

ScienceDaily

Researchers have developed a groundbreaking artificial intelligence (AI) system that can rapidly detect COVID-19 from chest X-rays with more than 98 percent accuracy.

X-ray 109
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New AI tool accurately detects COVID-19 from chest X-rays

Medical Xpress: Radiology

Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can rapidly detect COVID-19 from chest X-rays with more than 98% accuracy. The study results have just been published in Scientific Reports.

X-ray 108
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Ultromics inks deal with Pfizer to develop AI technology

AuntMinnie

U.K. software developer Ultromics has entered an agreement with Pfizer to expedite marketing clearance in the U.S. for its AI algorithm for detecting cardiac amyloidosis. Under the partnership with Pfizer, Ultromics will research and pursue U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance for its EchoGo Amyloidosis algorithm. The software has already received Breakthrough Device designation from the FDA for the detection of cardiac amyloidosis.

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A False Claims Act ‘wake-up call’ for those employing radiology residents

Radiology Business

“This case highlights why academic radiology departments should proactively educate their faculty, trainees, and staff," two experts urged.

Radiology 117
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CMS Assigns Accretive Reimbursement for RefleXion’s Breakthrough SCINTIX Therapy

Imaging Technology

milla1cf Fri, 01/12/2024 - 11:09 January 12, 2024 — RefleXion Medical , Inc., a therapeutic oncology company, announced that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has established a national payment rate for RefleXion’s SCINTIX biology-guided radiotherapy using CMS’ New Technology (NT) Ambulatory Payment Classification (APC) pathway.

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Study unveils machine learning-aided non-invasive imaging for rapid liver fat visualization

Medical Xpress: Radiology

Steatotic liver disease (SLD), previously known as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which includes a range of conditions caused by fat build-up in the liver due to abnormal lipid metabolism, affects about 25% of the population worldwide, making it the most common liver disorder. Often referred to as "silent liver disease," SLD progresses without noticeable symptoms and can lead to more severe conditions like cirrhosis (liver scarring) and liver cancer.

Disease 98
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FAPI-PET predicts treatment response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

AuntMinnie

FAPI radiotracer uptake on PET/CT imaging may be a biomarker for identifying early responders to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment, according to a study published January 4 in EJNMMI Research. In a small study, gallium-68 (Ga-68) FAPI-04 uptake at baseline was significantly higher in early treatment responders than in non-responders, with the finding suggesting the approach identifies subclinical inflammation, noted corresponding author Yaping Luo, MD, of the Chinese Academy of Medical Science

Disease 119
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Common factors associated with delays in filling outpatient MRI orders

Radiology Business

Female patients and those with public insurance plans were much more likely than others to witness delays of 10 days or more, according to new research.

Insurance 104
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Qure.ai's AI-Driven Chest X-ray Solution Receives FDA Clearance for Enhanced Lung Nodule Detection

Imaging Technology

milla1cf Mon, 01/08/2024 - 14:00 January 8, 2024 — Qure.ai , a leading global innovator in medical imaging solutions, has announced its 13 th FDA clearance for their AI-enabled solutions. Qure’s chest X-ray based qXR-LN uses artificial intelligence to identify and localize lung nodules, marking another significant milestone for the organization, strengthening its standing as a pioneer in the realm of AI-powered advancements for plain film radiography and medical imaging.

X-ray 101
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New Clinical Research: The Importance of Screening Mammography in Monitoring Flap Reconstruction After Mastectomy

UCSF Biomedical Imaging

There has been a substantial rise in mastectomy rates for the treatment of breast cancer in the United States over the last decade.

Clinic 113
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PET/MRI may help diagnose fevers of unknown origin

AuntMinnie

PET/MRI imaging shows promise in diagnosing fevers or inflammation of unknown origin and may have advantages over PET/CT, according to a study published January 3 in the European Journal of Radiology. In a study that included 104 patients, PET/MRI provided high sensitivity and specificity for determining underlying causes, especially in patients with elevated C-reactive protein, a blood biomarker of inflammation, according to lead author Tomas Rohan, MD, of University Hospital Brno in Brno, Czec

Diagnose 114
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Same-day breast biopsies bolster patient satisfaction but may increase anxiety

Radiology Business

Experts underlined the importance of radiologist-patient communication, which can include building rapport, clear descriptions of procedures and taking time for questions.

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Handheld POC Ultrasound System Powered By Semiconductor Technology for Automated Image Acquisition

MedImaging Ultrasound

A next-generation handheld POC ultrasound system powered by advanced semiconductor technology for easier, automated image acquisition offers unparalleled imaging quality.